- Netenrich /
- Cybersecurity Glossary
An APT or an advanced persistent threat is a stealthy threat actor that gains illegal access to a computer network and remains hidden for a prolonged period. An APT is typically a nation-state or state-sponsored group. Their main purpose is mainly political or economic. Every major business sector has recorded instances of cyberattacks by APTs seeking to steal, spy, or disrupt. Netenrich Enterprise Security's “Malware and APT" model helps us understand and respond to sophisticated malware infections and APTs in real-time. Our proprietary threat intel to keep pace with evolving threats, including command and control detection and remediation.
Agile IT refers to IT operations that enable teams to adapt to changing requirements and consistently handle the complexities of emerging technologies. Although agile methodologies are usually synonymous with software development teams sprinting to code, test, and release products and applications, IT service delivery can also benefit by connecting development, security, and operations teams, instead of limiting them to organization siloes.
IT operations are more complex than ever owing to heterogeneous environments and increasing tool stack. It requires a breadth of IT monitoring capabilities to quickly identify and resolve critical issues before they wreak havoc on the business. But alert volumes captured from different monitoring tools become overbearing. IT teams become frustrated with "alert fatigue" because they have to sort through and triage individual events manually. It causes alert floods, which lead to distraction and cost valuable time, which could be utilized remediating actual root-cause of events.
Alert fatigue or alarm fatigue occurs when IT teams are exposed to a large number of frequent alarms (alerts) that consequently become desensitized. It leads to longer response times or missing essential alarms. Large volumes of alarms, especially false ones, result in several unintended outcomes. Some consequences are a disruption in IT services, anxiety in teams, distrust in monitoring systems, and missed critical events. Some additional outcomes include workload increase, communication silos, wasted time, unstable IT, customer dissatisfaction, and unnecessary investigations. Machine learning-driven IT Ops, assisted by expert intelligence, can curb fatigue and channelize the right resources to the right places at the right time. Consequently, automated operations will reduce the mean time to resolve events, which in turn will boost the customer satisfaction score.
Alert noise is listed as one of the biggest problems faced by DevOps teams. 79% of IT Ops personnel listed reduction in alert noise as one of their top priorities. False alarms pull time and resources away from issues that truly need to be addressed. It is compounded if you're receiving false alerts at the same time as the right alerts.
Algorithmic baselining is helpful to set dynamic thresholds for alerts based on contextual and historic insights, which can predict behavior. IT operations teams must manage infrastructure and applications with seasonal trends and patterns which are not static. In such cases setting dynamic alert thresholds, powered by algorithmic baselining, can help monitor key performance metrics better.
A software that has been designed to detect and prevent contagions like viruses and malware from affecting your systems. Originally, the antivirus software was used for removing computer viruses. However, they slowly got more sophisticated as the cyber threats themselves got more potent. Antivirus software eventually started to provide protection from browser hijackers, ransomware, keyloggers, backdoors, rootkits, trojan horses, worms, etc. While these programs are still extremely relevant, the fact remains that they alone aren’t enough to guarantee organizational security. The fact remains that you need an always-on attack surface monitoring software and an experienced SecOps team working in conjunction with your antivirus software to guarantee security.
The simulation of human intelligence in machines so that they programmed to think and act like humans. Artificial intelligence or AI plays a key role in modern industries and organizations. Netenrich’s goal is to provide highly-contextualized, resolution intelligence that comes via the confluence of artificial and human intelligence. Netenrich’s Attack Surface Intelligence uses impact analysis to measure the severity of potential threats and empowers your SOC team to deal with only the most dangerous issues.
Any data, device, or other components of the environment that supports information-related activities. When it comes to an organization's ecosystem, an asset is a component (such as data or device) that supports information-related activities. Assets generally include hardware (e.g. servers), software (apps), and confidential information. Your SOC team must be able to guarantee the Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability of assets from various threats. While performing risk analysis, your team must determine how much they can spend in protecting each asset. During this calculation, they must factor in the importance of the asset and the intangible costs associated with its loss. Rogue and shadow IT assets create blind spots in your infra and limit control over assets. Netenrich’s IT asset management offers on-demand risk intel into shadow IT and change risks for swift, informed decision making.
Governance, risk management, and compliance aim to assure an organization reliably achieves objectives, addresses uncertainty, and acts with integrity. Governance is the combination of processes established and executed by the leaders in the company that is reflected in the organization's structure. Risk management is predicting and managing IT asset risks that could hinder the company from reliably achieving its objectives under any uncertainty. Furthermore, compliance refers to adhering with mandated laws and regulations as well as voluntary company policies, procedures, etc.). The three facets synchronize information and various company activities to operate more efficiently, enable effective information sharing, report activities, and avoid wasteful overlaps. Governance and compliance typically encompass activities, including corporate governance, enterprise risk management (ERM), and corporate compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
Asset lifecycle management is the process of increasing organizational productivity by helping them make informed decisions on IT needs and services. IT teams can make better purchasing decisions by looking at various assets and their lifecycle stages. If a particular asset is about to expire, and if it's already in the inventory, teams will have more lead time to order and replenish. Similarly, providing a seamless experience is a crucial metric for good quality IT service. IT asset managers must know of an asset expiration before the end-user does.
IT asset risk intelligence is the organization's ability to gather insights across its systems that help identify uncertainties; present them in the business context; enable the firm to make more informed business and security decisions in a proactive manner. To manage asset risks effectively, such as the criticalities of business processes and enterprise infrastructure, including applications, servers, network devices, data centers, and mobile devices, the key is to have a solution that brings business context to the systems. With system and process profiling, organizations must know which are the critical business processes and systems to be protected.
The potentially vulnerable points that exist across all software, hardware, firmware, and networks of your company. Your goal is to keep your attack surface as small as possible. An organization's attack surface is a term that describes all the potentially vulnerable points that exist across all software, hardware, firmware, and networks of your company. It is the sum of different attack vectors that an attacker can exploit to enter or extract sensitive data. The goal of the organization is to keep their attack surface as small as possible. With an increasing digital surface, the attack surfaces are getting larger than ever before. Due to this increase in size, more organizations have been susceptible to hackers and attackers.
An automated incident response strategy enables your organization to be in a better position to take strong and quick actions in the event of an unexpected downtime to limit its effect on the overall business. Automation expedites typical repetitive tasks and responses, so little to no human intervention is required to detect and respond to incidents. Automation in incident response also helps businesses achieve a reliable, round-the-clock available system. The impact of automated incident response can be felt in detecting and responding to threats in real-time. For instance, alerts and threats can be effectively handled without any human intervention.
A blind spot is a hidden threat in a heterogeneous IT environment—something teams don't even know exist. And they have no way to get visibility into it until an outage happens. Ineffective monitoring capabilities and manual processes fail to shed light on these blind spots. They remain dormant for years until suddenly an issue crops up. Blind spots hinder root-cause analysis, which further leads to an increase in downtime. Also, poorly configured IT rules, disjointed monitoring tools, and unintelligent filters suppress events, leading to blind spots in vision. Comprehensive monitoring services, coupled with machine-learning-based contextual intelligence, gives your teams unmatched visibility. Further, a single pane of glass view lowers IT Ops stress, improves response times, and increases accuracy while doing away with manual swivel chair interfaces.
A group of computers that have been compromised by malicious code and is now remotely operated by attackers. Botnet can be used to execute a bunch of attacks like DoS flooding, spamming, DNS spoofing, etc. The term botnet is a combination of the words "robot" and "network." It is a collection of devices or "bots" such as computers, phones, or IoT devices, whose security has been duly compromised. These devices are controlled by the attacker via a "command and control" (C&C) software and are used to launch devastating attacks on the target.
A brute force attack is a cryptographic hack wherein the attacker manually guesses the different possible combinations of a targeted password and repeats the process until they land on the correct combination. A longer password will require more sophisticated combinations. Brute force attacks are not the most efficient approach, but it's one of the easiest attacks to execute. As a part of our Secure Enterprise package, Netenrich will protect you from brute force attacks with early detection and recommendations for remediation. We have created a Brute Force Detection Model that allows us to efficiently zero in on potential attacks faster than the speed of bad. Netenrich pours through these false positives and gives your SOC team remediation recommendations.
A bug is a flaw or vulnerability in the software or hardware design that can be potentially exploited by the attackers. These security bugs can be used to exploit various vulnerabilities by compromising – user authentication, authorization of access rights and privileges, data confidentiality, and data integrity. Security bugs are caused by the lack of the following – basic/advanced dev training, use case analysis, quality assurance, general best practices, and software engineering methodology. This is why, it's important to continuously keep track of your entire organization’s attack surface. Netenrich’s always-one attack surface intelligence allows you to constantly keep track of all the bugs throughout your organization.
A company policy that dictates whether or not employees can bring in their own devices to work. Bring your own device (BYOD), aka bring your own technology (BYOT) is a movement wherein organizations allow their employees to bring and use their own device over an officially provided one. This policy has been a huge hit with startups and smaller companies who won't need to spend a small fortune in buying new devices. However, BYOD tends to be a nightmare for your IT guys. It's hard to keep track of these devices and often leads to shadow IT complications.